Anthem

   A polyphonic setting of a Christian text, usually Biblical, in English, excluding ordinaries of the mass and traditional canticles such as Magnificat. The term dates from the 11th century, an English cognate of antiphon. English-language sacred music suddenly rose in status when the first Booke of Common Praier (1549) replaced liturgical Latin with English. By the 17th century, "anthem" commonly referred to sacred vocal music of the Anglican Church.
   Early post-Reformation sources, the Wanley and Lumley Partbooks (c. 1546–1548 and c. 1549), contain mostly anonymous anthems setting texts from the Bible, from the Booke of Common Praire, and metrical psalms in four-voiced textures typical of Flemish counterpoint. Clarity of diction was important. Anthems continued to parallel continental developments in the late 16th century, including explicit use of solo singers in verse anthems, which began to outnumber full anthems by the turn of the 17th century. After the Restoration, Matthew Locke (c. 1621–1677) and Humphrey Pelham (1647/8–1674) brought from their European travels operatic textures and the use of organ and various solo instruments to articulate with voices ever more ambitious musical structures, culminating in the Coronation Anthems of George Frideric Handel. Interest in anthem composition declined along with interest in Anglican liturgy generally from the latter half of the 18th century onward, although interest revived somewhat in the 20th century. Such as were composed, up to the present, reflect the musical idioms of their times. In Morning and Evening Prayer, the anthem should occur after the third collect, according to the 1662 rubric.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Anthem — Жанр хеви метал Годы 1985 1992 1985 наст. время Страна …   Википедия

  • Anthem — An them ([a^]n th[e^]m), n. [OE. antym, antefne, AS. antefen, fr. LL. antiphona, fr. Gr. anti fwna, neut. pl. of anti fwnon antiphon, or anthem, n. neut., from anti fwnos sounding contrary, returning a sound; anti over against + fwnh sound, voice …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anthem — (izg. èntem) m DEFINICIJA glazb. zborna kompozicija u Engleskoj na biblijske tekstove ili na parafraze biblijskih tekstova SINTAGMA National anthem (izg. nèšonal anthem) term. britanska himna (God Save the Queen/King) ETIMOLOGIJA engl.: himna …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Anthem — An them, v. t. To celebrate with anthems. [Poet.] [1913 Webster] Sweet birds antheming the morn. Keats. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anthem — (engl., spr. Enthem), in der englischen Kirche der in die Mitte des Altargottesdienstes eingelegte Figuralgesang, der vom Chor ausgeführt wird …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anthem — Anthem, in England der Name für kirchliche Kompositionen einer zwischen Kantate und Motette stehenden Faktur. Man unterscheidet »full anthems«, in denen der Chor überwiegt, u. »verse anthems«, worin Soli, Duette etc. vorherrschen. Die Texte sind… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anthem — (engl., spr. ännthĕm), eine etwa unsern Motetten vergleichbare Gattung von engl. Kirchenstücken …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • anthem — ● anthem nom masculin (ancien anglais antefn, du latin ecclésiastique antiphona, du grec antiphonos, qui répond à) Composition religieuse propre à l Église anglicane et reposant sur des traductions de textes bibliques. (Elle prend la forme de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • anthem — (n.) O.E. ontemn, antefn, a composition (in prose or verse) sung antiphonally, from L.L. antefana, from Gk. antiphona verse response (see ANTIPHON (Cf. antiphon)). Sense evolved to a composition set to sacred music (late 14c.), then song of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • anthem — [n] song canticle, chant, chorus, hymn, melody, paean; concepts 263,595 …   New thesaurus

  • anthem — ► NOUN 1) an uplifting song associated with a group or cause, especially a patriotic one adopted by a country as an expression of national identity. 2) a musical setting of a religious text to be sung by a choir during a church service.… …   English terms dictionary

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